Hyperthyroidism: What is it? Why Does It Happen?
What is it? Why Does It Happen?
Symptoms of Hyperthyroid
The thyroid gland can cause several types of dis-ease states.
Hyperthyroidism and Hypothyroidism are 2 of the most common dis-functions. In this article we will focus on Hyperthyroidism (HyperT). First let’s discuss what it is and then why it happens.
What is Hyperthyroidism?
The thyroid is the most important endocrine gland of the body. It affects all aspects of life; hunger, sleep reproduction, energy, metabolism and body weight.
HyperT is when your body overproduces the thyroid hormone. It like speeds your body up; even worse than if you were taking stimulants!
A Thyroid imbalance is easily diagnosed by a simple blood test to check thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) or measurements of T3 and T4, key thyroid hormones.
The most common type of HyperT is the autoimmune disorder, Graves. In this disorder, the body makes an antibody; ( a protein produced by the body to protect against a virus or bacteria) called the thyroid stimulating immunoglobulin (TSI) that causes the thyroid gland to overproduce thyroid hormone.
An increase of thyroid hormones can indicate several disease states: Graves’ Disease, Toxic Adenomas, Sub-acute thyroiditis, pituitary or thyroid tumors.
Why does Hyperthyroidism happen?
The thyroid maintains the rate at which your body uses fats and carbs. It controls body temperatures, heart rates and production of protein.
Your thyroid controls how fast your heart beats and how quickly you burn calories. It regulates your metabolism and how well you sleep.
When your body overproduces the thyroid hormones; then all of the above body functions are affected.
Managing stress is one of the best ways to fight 80% of patients with thyroid issues; say they are in high stress.
Genetically, says Dr. Eric Osansky, a genetic marker can play a role in making you more susceptible to developing thyroid problems. However, research shows that even with a genetic marker it does not mean you will necessarily develop this thyroid disorder.
Studies show that “Lifestyle factors”, play the biggest role in the increasing development of Thyroid diseases.
Hyperthyroid and Osteoporosis
Your thyroid produces calcitonin, a hormone regulating the amount of calcium in your blood. This also affects the amounts of Vitamin D in your body. Eating a proper diet with added calcium and sodium foods can improve symptoms. Be sure you also supplement with Vitamin D and Calcium for your bones; since HyperT can cause osteoporosis.
Causes of HyperT
The most common cause of hyperthyroidism is an auto-immune system disorder called Graves disease. More woman than men are affected by this disorder. Graves tends to run in families from a genetic link, usually affecting women under 40 years old.
About 30% of Graves can affect the eyes and vision, eye muscles and tissues.
Graves can cause:
- Bulging of eyes
- Gritty feelings or pressure in eye.
- Redness and inflamed eye.
- Retraction of eye lids.
- Sensitivity to light.
- Loss of eyesight or double vision.
Some people develop Dermopathy, involving red and thickening of skin usually around the feet or shins.
Certain medicines can cover up the signs of hyperthyroid such as beta blockers for high blood pressure. Over time the increase in hormones affects metabolism. It can start breaking down your bodies tissues.
Too much thyroxine or T4:
-Can cause Graves disease
-Hyperfunction of thyroid nodules
-Thyroiditis which is inflammation
– Excess Iodine an ingredient in t3 and t4
-Tumor of ovaries or testes
-Breast development in men
-Shortness of breath
Low cholesterol or triglyceride’s can be a sign of elevated metabolic rate. It shows how fast your body burns thru cholesterol, which your cells need to function.
Oriental Approach to Thyroid Issues
Thyroid is considered a Yin vs. Yang imbalance. This is on the scale of opposites: Yin is slow, cold and wet but Yang is fast, hot and dry.
In China, thyroid disease is common, frequently treated by herbal medicine and a combination of herbs and drug.
Positive response is high; the healing rate for HyperT is reported healed in many cases. This generally means the symptoms are removed and hormone ranges go back to normal range. The auto immune factors are diminished and antibodies against thyroid tissue are reduced.
It is believed by the Chinese Medical System that thyroid issues are due to emotional disturbances. It starts with excess fire.
- Disturbance of Chi, by sorrow and anger. Affecting liver and spleen
- Heart fire, highly agitated emotions. Heart is yin deficient.
- Extreme anger is liver fire.
Look at Herbal Treatment for Hyperthyroidism for Chinese herbal therapy.
Normal Medical Treatments for Hyperthyroidism
- Anti-thyroid pharmaceutical medications like methimazole.
- Radioactive iodine is given to over 70% of adults with Hyperthyroidism. This destroys cells of the thyroid gland that produce hormones.
- Surgery to have the thyroid removed. Then you need to take thyroid supplement to prevent Hypothyroid disease, decreased production of thyroid hormone.
Symptoms of Hyperthyroidism
- Metabolism is speeded up. Increases blood pressure.
- Whole body affected by excess sweating, excess hunger, heated, fatigue, restless, and intolerance to heat.
- Heart has an abnormal heart rhythm and a fast heart rate.
- Sleeping can be difficult, many have insomnia.
- Menstrual cycles can be irregular, shorter, and lighter.
- Behavior is affected. You could be irritable and hyperactive.
- Your moods can swing from good to bad, along with panic attacks.
- Your eyes may protrude or be puffy.
- Your voice tone will become higher pitched, like you are going at full speed.
- Other common symptoms are weight loss, diarrhea, hair loss, muscle weakness, nervousness, tremors and increased appetite.